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Regulating the Collaborative Economy? by Vassilis Hatzopoulos

Collaborative platforms operate amidst self-regulation, public regulation and no regulation at all. While they spend a great amount of time and resources negotiating for lighter, favourable regulation with public regulators, fending off legal actions and defending themselves against incumbent firms, most platforms do support some regulation, essentially in the form of self-regulation. They do so for a number of reasons, including to a) protect their … Continuer de lire Regulating the Collaborative Economy? by Vassilis Hatzopoulos

Dispute Resolution in the Collaborative Economy – by Vassilis Hatzopoulos

While trust is at the heart of the collaborative economy, disputes may not be precluded from arising: a) between the platform and the supplier of the underlying service concerning the terms of their (intermediation) contract, b) between the platform and the supplier concerning the underlying service (in case eg of joint liability), c) between the platform and the consumer and d) between the consumer and … Continuer de lire Dispute Resolution in the Collaborative Economy – by Vassilis Hatzopoulos

The Collaborative economy and the transformation of labour, by Vassilis Hatzopoulos

Version française ICI Mircro-entrepreneurs, on-demand workers, gig-workers, freelancers, contractors … It is difficult to measure the part of the active population working in the collaborative economy. Estimates vary between 0,3 to 9% in the US, and much lesser (0,05%) in the EU. In my first post (HERE) the positive effects that the collaborative economy can deliver to individuals have been discussed: the use of idle … Continuer de lire The Collaborative economy and the transformation of labour, by Vassilis Hatzopoulos

The Collaborative economy and competition law: of concerted practices, abuse and more (vertical issues) – by Vassilis Hatzopoulos

Practices coming under Article 101 TFEU Inter-platform competition: Collusion between collaborative Platforms What makes collusion between collaborative platforms ‘innovative’ in relation to traditional practices violating Article 101 TFEU are algorithms. The sophisticated algorithms employed by collaborative platforms could either constantly monitor competitors’ prices and automatically adjust to them, or, worse, function as ‘predictable agents’ designed to predict and react to changing market conditions in a … Continuer de lire The Collaborative economy and competition law: of concerted practices, abuse and more (vertical issues) – by Vassilis Hatzopoulos

The collaborative economy and competition law: of undertakings, markets and market power (horizontal issues)

There is no doubt that collaborative platforms offer new services – or a wider variety of pre-existing ones – in a way that overall is beneficial to consumers. Hence, for instance, tourists nowadays have a much wider variety of accommodation choices, at a much wider array of prices. However, a proper assessment, under competition law, of the role of collaborative platforms is not easy: their … Continuer de lire The collaborative economy and competition law: of undertakings, markets and market power (horizontal issues)

Data protection in the collaborative economy – by Vassilis Hatzopoulos

Version française ICI The role of personal data in the collaborative economy: data as a currency Data are inherently significant for the very existence and function of collaborative platforms: t collect and process a great amount of data concerning the age, gender, residence, employment, professional qualifications, dietary or other preferences, health condition, medications, location, economic details at both sides of the two-sided market in order … Continuer de lire Data protection in the collaborative economy – by Vassilis Hatzopoulos

Consumer protection in the collaborative economy – by Vassilis Hatzopoulos

Lire la version en français ICI The problem By blurring the traditional production/consumption paradigm, the involvement of ‘prosumers’ in the collaborative economy questions the traditional consumer protection model based on the dichotomy between traders (sellers or suppliers, depending on the text) v consumers. In other words EU consumer protection law only applies to B2C relations and not to B2B, nor, more importantly for the collaborative … Continuer de lire Consumer protection in the collaborative economy – by Vassilis Hatzopoulos

Who does what in the Collaborative economy: legal qualifications of the parties in tripartite relationships ? by Vassilis Hatzopoulos

The problem As discussed in the previous (introductory) post, the sharing economy is based on a tri-partite relationship, whereby an electronic platform matches consumers’ demand for specific services (or goods) with the offer of its affiliated ‘prosumers’ (producing consumers) or professionals. Τhe first – and foremost – legal difficulty in the framework of the collaborative economy is the qualification of the relationships between the parties. … Continuer de lire Who does what in the Collaborative economy: legal qualifications of the parties in tripartite relationships ? by Vassilis Hatzopoulos